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Natural Sciences Subject Guide

Cross search many of these Databases at one time using the Discover Search

Recommended Databases and Journal Indexes

AccessScience (McGraw-Hill)
Includes articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines, the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, the McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, and the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms. Also includes biographies of well-known scientific figures, downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics, videos highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists, suggestions for further study, guides to additional readings, curriculum maps tied to core content for educators, and more.

Agricola (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Provides citations with some linked full-text to more than 4.8 million journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, software, audiovisual materials, and technical reports from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library, with coverage dating back to 1970. It encompasses all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines, including animal and veterinary sciences, entomology, plant sciences, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries, farming and farming systems, agricultural economics, extension and education, food and human nutrition, agricultural engineering and technology and earth and environmental sciences.

Biological and Agricultural Index Plus (H.W. Wilson on EBSCOHost) Connect to User Guide
Subject coverage includes agriculture and agricultural research, atmospheric science, biochemistry, biology, biotechnology, botany, chemistry, environmental science, geology, marine biology microbiology, physics and much more. Provides full text of articles from over 100 journals dating back to 1997, as well as indexing and abstracts of more than 380 publications.

General Science Full Text (H.W. Wilson on EBSCOHost) Connect to User Guide
Subject coverage includes astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, conservation, health and medicine, oceanography, physics, zoology and much more. Provides full text from more than 100 periodicals dating as far back as 1995, in addition to indexing and abstracts for nearly 300 periodicals dating back to 1984.

GreenFILE (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Covers all aspects of human impact to the environment. Includes scholarly, government and general-interest titles with content on global warming, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling, and more. The database provides indexing and abstracts for more than 384,000 records, as well as Open Access full text for more than 4,700 records.

GREENR (Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources) (Gale Group) Connect to User Guide
Focuses on the physical, social, and economic aspects of environmental issues. Topic, organization, and country portals form research centers around issues covering energy systems, health care, agriculture, climate change, population, and economic development. Portals include authoritative analysis, academic journals, news, case studies, legislation, conference proceedings, primary source documents, statistics, and rich multimedia. Use Browse Issues and Topics, World Map, Basic Search or Advanced Search to explore the database.

MedCalc 3000 (STAT!Ref) PASCAL icon
This is a collection of over 520 calculators, clinical criteria sets and decision trees for anyone practicing, teaching, or studying evidence-based medicine. This resource is integrated in STAT!Ref and included with every subscription. Every search in STAT!Ref automatically presents links to relevant tools within MedCalc 3000. A mobile app and training tutorials are available from the main STAT!Ref access page.

A weekly international journal publishing the peer-reviewed research in all fields of science and technology. Search the full text of the journal, or select a specific issue from the issue archive.

PubMed     FREE
Contains citations from biomedical literature (MEDLINE and OLDMEDLINE) and provides access and links to molecular biology resources. If a journal publisher has a web site that offers full-text of its journals, PubMed provides links to that site as well as biological resources, consumer health information, research tools, etc. links to some full-text articles at journal Web sites and other related Web resources. PubMed covers the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system and the preclinical sciences.

PubMed Central     FREE
The U.S. National Institutes of Health free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.

SAGE Journals Online Connect to User Guide
SAGE Journals Online (SAGE Premier) is a collection of over 560 full-text journals in over 50 disciplines including business, communication, criminology, education, humanities, industrial relations, labor, medicine, political science, psychology, social science, science, technology, urban studies, and more. Includes research journals published on behalf of more than 245 scholarly and professional societies.

Published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the online version of Science magazine includes access to original scientific research, global science news, and commentary in all fields of science.

Science in Context (Gale) Connect to User Guide
Provides contextual information on hundreds of today's most significant science topics. Merges Gale's authoritative reference content with full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, experiments, images, videos, audio files and links to vetted websites organized into a user-friendly portal experience.

Science Reference Center (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
A comprehensive research database that provides easy access to a multitude of full text science-oriented content. Contains full text for nearly 640 science encyclopedias, reference books, periodicals, etc. Topics covered include: biology, chemistry, earth and space science, environmental science, health and medicine, history of science, life science, physics, science and society, science as inquiry, scientists, technology and wildlife.
  • Science Reference Center Enhanced Searching Interface (EBSCO)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
    The enhanced interface includes a browse function for scientists, science categories, a featured science topic, and popular sources. Provides easy access to science experiments, citation help, a research guide, and curriculum standards.

SpringerLink Connect to User Guide
An online collection of science, technology, and mathematics (STM) books, journals, and reference works from Springer-Verlag. Subject areas covered include Architecture and Design; Behavioral Science; Biomedical and Life Sciences; Business and Economics; Chemistry and Materials Science; Computer Science; Earth and Environmental Science; Engineering, Humanities, Social Sciences and Law; Mathematics and Statistics; Medicine; Physics and Astronomy; Professional and Applied Computing.

This link provides consolidated access to STAT!Ref's Anatomy and Physiology Online, AAFP Conditions A to Z, MedCalc 3000, and Stedman's Medical Dictionary. It also includes a link to download the Stat!Ref mobile app, Training Center tutorials, and more.

Additional Databases and Journal Indexes

AAFP Conditions A to Z (STAT!Ref) PASCAL icon
This patient-information resource has been written and reviewed by physicians and patient education professionals at the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), a national medical organization representing family physicians, family practice residents and medical students. Common conditions, treatments and health tips are presented concisely and informatively, and listed alphabetically or cross-searched in STAT!Ref online. Many are also available in Spanish. A mobile app and training tutorials are available from the main STAT!Ref access page.

Academic OneFile (Gale InfoTrac) Connect to User Guide
A general database that contains full text and indexed articles from magazines, newspapers, books and journals in most disciplines

Academic Search Complete (EBSCOHost) PASCAL icon Connect to User Guide
A general, multi-disciplinary database that contains full text and indexed articles from magazines, newspapers, books and journals

ACS Web Editions (American Chemical Society)
Published by the American Chemical Society, ACS Web Editions contains nearly 50 full-text journals and magazines in chemistry

Published by the US Department of Agriculture, AGRICOLA provides citations to agricultural literature. While it does not contain full-text access to materials, some citations are linked to online full-text documents. The database covers materials in all formats and periods, including printed works from as far back as the 15th century.

Anatomy and Physiology Online (STAT!Ref) PASCAL icon Connect to User Guide
This online resource from primalonlinelearning.com includes 20 modules on topics such as cell biology, skeletal system, muscular system, digestive system, respiratory system, and more. Each module contains an overview, learning objectives, key concepts and processes, 3D image and interactive models, narrated animations and illustrations, quizzes and reviews, pronunciation guides to key medical terms, clinical case studies for each system, clinical test, and the effects of aging on each system. You may need to allow pop-ups in your web browser to view all the content. A mobile app and training tutorials are available from the main STAT!Ref access page.

Credo Reference   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Provides access to more than 600 subject-specific encyclopedias, biographies, chronologies, dictionaries, and reference titles from over 80 publishers, covering every major subject. Offers over 200,000 images and audio files and nearly 100 videos. Over 10,000 Topic Pages present and organize a variety of information resources on a subject and act as a starting point for research.

EBL eBooks PASCAL icon Connect to User Guide
A growing collection of over 3,500 electronic books in a range of academic subject areas with unlimited, multi-user access. Ebooks may be viewed online in any browser. If you prefer to read a book offline, you can download it for 14 days using Adobe Digital Editions (free) on your computer or the Bluefire Reader app (free) on your mobile device. Login is required both on and off campus. For more information, click the User Guide button above.

ebrary eBooks PASCAL icon Connect to User Guide
A growing collection of over 140,000 electronic books in a wide range of academic subject areas with unlimited, multi-user access. Ebooks may be viewed online in any browser. If you prefer to read a book offline, you can download up to 10 entire books for 14 days using Adobe Digital Editions (free) or the Bluefire Reader app (free) on your mobile device. Individual chapters can also be downloaded in PDF format. Login to your personal account to take advantage of additional functionalities including setting a default citation format, highlighting and note taking within the text, adding hyperlinks to the text, saving books to a personal bookshelf, downloading content for offline use, and access to Apple and Android mobile apps. Off-campus users are automatically logged in to their personal accounts. On-campus users will be prompted to login when they need to use one of the additional functions or when they click the Sign In link. For more information, click the User Guide button above.

EBSCO eBook Collection PASCAL icon Connect to User Guide
A collection of over 150,000 electronic books available in full text online in a wide range of academic subject areas. Ebooks may be viewed online in any browser. If you prefer to read a book offline, you can download it for 14 days using Adobe Digital Editions (free) or the Bluefire Reader app (free) on your mobile device, or you can save a limited number of pages in PDF format. A free MyEBSCOhost account is required. For more information, click the User Guide button above.

Gale Virtual Reference Library (Gale Group)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
The electronic books included in this collection are in the categories of: Arts, Biography, Business, Education, Environment, History, Law, Literature, Medicine, Multicultural Studies, Nation and World, Religion, Science, and Social Science. It includes hundreds of titles in the Twayne's Authors Series, including the American Writers Collection, British Writers Collection, European Writers Collection, World and Genre Writers Collection, and many others. Some GVRL ebooks are provided by DISCUS, while others are provided by the CSU Library.

General OneFile (Gale InfoTrac) Connect to User Guide
A general database that contains full text and indexed articles from magazines, newspapers, books and journals in most disciplines ranging from architecture to biology and history to mathematics.

Global Issues in Context (Gale Group) Connect to User Guide
Offers international viewpoints on a broad spectrum of global issues, topics, and current events. Featured are hundreds of continuously updated issue and country portals that bring together a variety of specially selected, highly relevant sources for analysis of social, political, military, economic, environmental, health, and cultural issues. Each of these gateway pages includes an overview, unique "perspectives" articles written by local experts, reference, periodical, primary source and statistical information. Rich multimedia - including podcasts, video, and interactive graphs - enhance each portal. Use Browse Issues and Topics, Country Finder, Basic Search or Advanced Search to explore the database.

Google Scholar     FREE
Google Scholar allows you to search scholarly literature in many disciplines and from many sources. It includes journal articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites. To locate full text of the materials, look in the right-hand column of your search results. Links which say pdf or html will take you to free sources if they are available. If the full text is not freely available, and if you are using a computer connected to the CSU on-campus network, Google Scholar should recognize your location, so look in the right-hand column of your search results for links which say Find It @ CSU as these will connect you to the resources available through the CSU Library. If you are off campus, or not connected to the CSU network, or if your on-campus computer's settings have been changed, then you need to configure Google Scholar to recognize the CSU library's resources. At the top of the Google Scholar search screen, click on "Settings." Or from a Google Scholar results page, click on the down arrow in the upper right and select "Settings." Then select "Library Links" in the left column and search for Charleston Southern. Select the CSU link and click "Save." If the Google Scholar settings are configured to recognize CSU, and if you do not see a free or Find It @ CSU link, check the CSU Library's resources directly as the CSU link may not always appear for a resource the library does offer. If no full text is available, request it through InterLibrary Loan.

HathiTrust     FREE Connect to User Guide
HathiTrust is a growing digital repository of books and journals from a group of large research libraries. It includes both in copyright and public domain materials digitized by Google, the Internet Archive, and Microsoft, as well as through in-house initiatives at HathiTrust partner libraries. The full text of all materials is searchable by everyone, and the full text of materials in the public domain are openly viewable by everyone. To limit your search to the approximately 30% of the HathiTrust collection which is in the public domain, simply check the "Full view only" box on the search screen. Additional options are available for non-partners by creating a Friend Account. Hathi (pronounced hah-tee) is the Hindi word for elephant, an animal highly regarded for its memory, wisdom, and strength.

JSTOR Connect to User Guide
An archive of scholarly journals that offers high-resolution, scanned images of journal issues and pages as they were originally designed, printed, and illustrated. The journals archived in JSTOR span many disciplines. Because of JSTOR's archival mission, there is a gap, typically from 1 to 5 years, between the most recently published journal issue and the back issues available in JSTOR.

Liebert Online
An authoritative database containing peer-reviewed journals in the most promising areas of biotechnology, biomedical research/life sciences, clinical medicine and surgery, and law.

MasterFILE Premier (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Designed specifically for public libraries, this multidisciplinary database provides full text for nearly 1,700 periodicals with full-text information dating as far back as 1975. Covering virtually every subject area of general interest, MasterFILE Premier contains full text for nearly 500 reference books and over 164,400 primary source documents, as well as an Image Collection of over 592,000 photos, maps & flags.

MEDLINE (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
An authoritative medical information database for medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, etc. Created by the National Library of Medicine, MEDLINE uses MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) indexing with tree, tree hierarchy, subheadings and explosion capabilities to search citations from over 4,800 current biomedical journals.

National Climatic Data Center Online Document Library     FREE
Documentation and metadata are available for most digital and non-digital data archived at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) which is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to United States climate and historical weather data and information. Records in the archive range from paleoclimatology data to centuries-old journals to data less than an hour old.

New York Times Group Pass Connect to User Guide
Provides full text access to the New York Times from 1851 to the present. For 1923-1980, each individual user may access up to five free articles each day, with unlimited access for other years.

    Other Sources for the New York Times:
News (AP, UPI, etc.) (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Provides near real-time access to top world-wide news from Associated Press. Includes AP Top News, WorldStream, Financial News, AP Online, U.S. Politics & Government and 50 State Reports. End users can immediately access the full text of the NewsMonitor-delivered web content, by following the link in the record. The index to the full text content in AP News is held for a rolling 30-day archive by EBSCO, so users can enjoy the previous 30 days of news relating to their search interests.

Newspaper Source Plus (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Includes more than 860 full-text newspapers, providing more than 35 million full-text articles. In addition, the database features more than 857,000 television and radio news transcripts.

Newstand (Gale InfoTrac) Connect to User Guide
Provides access to more than 2,700 national, international, state and local newspapers with selective coverage between 1980 and 2012.

Opposing Viewpoints in Context   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Provides contextual information and opinions on hundreds of today's hottest social issues. Drawing on the acclaimed Greenhaven Press series, it features continuously updated viewpoint articles, topic overviews, full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, primary source documents, statistics, images, videos, audio files and links to vetted websites organized into a user-friendly portal experience.

Points of View Reference Center (EBSCOHost)   DISCUS icon Connect to User Guide
Intended for public, academic, and high school libraries, Points of View is designed to assist researchers in understanding the full scope of controversial subjects. High school and undergraduate students can use Points of View as a guide to debate, developing arguments, writing position papers, and for development of critical thinking skills. Each Points of View essay includes a series of questions and additional material to generate further thought. Also included are thousands of supporting articles from the world's top political and societal publications.

ProQuest Digital Microfilm: New York Times
Provides a full text facsimile edition of the New York Times from 2008 to three months ago for an online experience that resembles paging through the newspaper in print. Users may crop, zoom, or rotate page images and then print, email, or save in PDF format. The CSU Library several other sources for accessing the full text of the New York Times. See this list.

Readers' Guide Full Text Mega (H.W. Wilson on EBSCOHost) Connect to User Guide
Subject coverage includes antiques, arts, business, computers, education, entertainment, film, television, gardening, health, medicine, history, home improvement, literature, news, current events, photography, popular and classical music, politics, popular culture, religion, science, sports, fitness, transportation, travel and much more. Includes indexing of over 450 periodicals as far back as 1983 and searchable full text of articles from over 250 journals as far back as 1994.

WorldCat Connect to User Guide
A shared catalog that provides information about books, periodicals, audio/visual materials, etc. from thousands of libraries around the world and indicates which libraries hold the items.

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Print Sources


Chambers Dictionary of Science and Technology (Ref. Q 123 .C482 1999)

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science & Technology (Ref. Q 121 .M29 1998)


Atlas of human anatomy (Ref. QM 25 .N46 2003 + CD-ROM)

Biology Problem Solver (Ref. QH 316 .B52 2001)

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Zoology (Ref. QL 9 .C66 1992)

Encyclopedia of Bioethics (Ref. QH 332 .E52 2004 V. 1-5)

Encyclopedia of Genetics (Ref. QH 427 .E53 2004 v. 1-2)

Grzimek's Animal life encyclopedia (Ref. QL 3 .G7813 v. 1-13)

Handbook of biochemistry and molecular biology (Ref. QH 345 .H347 1975 V. 1-5)

Henderson's Dictionary of Biological Terms (Ref. QH 13 .H38 1979)

Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary (Ref. QK 9 .H37 1994)


Chemistry Problem Solver (Ref. QD 42 .C498 2001)

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Ref. QD 65 .H3 2005/06)

Dictionary of organic compounds (Ref. QD 251 .D49 1982 V. 1-7 + supplements)

Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology (Ref. TP 9 .K54 2001 v. 1-2)

Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (Ref. QD 65 .L36 1985)

Merck Index: an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals (Ref. RS 51 .M4 2001)

Organic Chemistry Problem Solver (Ref. QD 257 .O727 2001)

Earth Science

Dictionary of ecology (connect to E-book)

Encyclopedia of Environmental Science (Ref. GE 10 .E526 1999)

Environmental Encyclopedia (Ref. GE 10 .E58 1998)

Glossary of Geology (Ref. QE 5 .B38 1997)

McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Geology and Mineralogy (Ref. QE 5 .M3654 2003)

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Environmental Science (Ref. QH 540.4 .M3)


Encyclopaedic dictionary of physics (Ref. QC 5 .E52 Supplements 1-4)

Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Ref. QB 14 .E534 2001 V. 1-4)

Physics Problem Solver (Ref. QC 32 .P48 2000)

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Internet Resources


Academy of Natural Sciences

FirstGov for Science
A gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by U.S. Government agencies including research and development results

National Museum of Natural History

A science-specific search engine that searches over 250 million pages on the internet


All the Virology on the WWW
A comprehensive website including pictures and links to virology resources

The Big Picture Book of Viruses

Biodiversity and Biological Collections
Information about specimens in biological collections, taxonomic authority files, directories of biologists, the Delta system and links for hundreds of biodiversity and collection resources

A bank of digital resources for teaching biology

A directory of biology web pages

BioTech: Life Sciences Resources and Reference Tools

INFOMINE, Scholarly Internet Resource Collection-Biology and Agriculture

Insects and Entomology
A directory and search engine of insect-related resources on the Internet from Iowa State University's Department of Entomology

A website that serves to connect science with conservation

NCBI taxonomy homepage

NSC Alliance Home Page


Search databases and internet for chemical information

Chemical Periodic Table

A comprehensive directory and search engine for chemical and related industry professionals indexes more than 45,000 chemical industry related entities and contains the full text of millions of pages

Organic Chemistry Resources Worldwide
Links to organic chemistry resources

WebElements Periodic Table

Earth Science

American Geological Institute
A nonprofit federation of 44 geoscientific and professional associations that represents more than 100,000 geologists, geophysicists, and other earth scientists

ATHENA: Mineralogy
A mineral database

Atlas of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks, Minerals and Textures

CSU Earthquake Education Center
Information on earthquake activity and its effects on South Carolina

Geosciences Libraries and Resources in the United States and Canada

Librarians Index to the Internet - Environment
Web pages selected and indexed by librarians about the environment

The National Environmental Directory
A directory of more than 13,000 organizations in the United States concerned with environmental issues and environmental education

National Library for the Environment
A universal, timely, and easy-to-use single-point entry to environmental information and data for the use of all participants in the environmental enterprise

A Tapestry of Time and Terrain
This site combines a geologic map of the lower 48 states with a topographic map to give an accurate portrait of the U.S. land surface and the ages of its underlying rock formations

Terms of Environment
The EPA's Glossary, Abbreviations and Acronyms for the environment

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

USGS Earthquake Hazards Program
Seeks to provide and apply relevant earthquake science information and knowledge for reducing deaths, injuries, and property damage from earthquakes

USGS National Geologic Map Database
A geoscience resource for maps and related data about: geology, hazards, earth resources, geophysics, geochemistry, geochronology, paleontology, and marine geology


National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

NASA Planetary Science Research Discoveries
An educational site sharing the latest research on meteorites, planets, and other solar system bodies being made by NASA-sponsored scientists

News, jobs, and resources

Views of the Solar System
A multimedia adventure unfolding the splendor of the Sun, planets, moons, comets, asteroids, and more. Also find out the latest scientific information, or study the history of space exploration, rocketry, early astronauts, space missions, spacecraft through a vast archive of photographs, scientific facts, text, graphics and videos

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Online Journals

The following journals are available online:

Environmental Health Information Service (Not available from off campus. See Reference Librarian for on campus use)



Find a list of e-journals in science available at CSU

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Journals and Magazines

The following journals are available in the CSU library:

AAAS science books

Advances in inorganic chemistry

American Biology Teacher

American Journal of Botany

American Journal of Physics

American Journal of Physiology

American Midland Naturalist

American Scientist

American Zoologist

Analytical Chemistry

Annual review of plant biology

Annual review of plant physiology

Annual review of plant physiology and plant molecular biology

Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Biological Bulletin


Botanical Review

Bulletin of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Chemical and engineering news

Chemical Society reviews



Developmental biology

Environmental Science and Technology



GSA Today

Industrial & engineering chemistry

Inorganic chemistry

Integrative and comparative biology

Journal of Bacteriology

Journal of biological chemistry

Journal of cell biology

Journal of Chemical Physics

Journal of chemical research

Journal of College Science Teaching

Journal of experimental biology

Journal of Geological Education

Journal of Geoscience Education

Journal of inorganic and nuclear chemistry

Journal of Marine Research

Journal of organic chemistry

Journal of Physical Chemistry

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Journal of the Chemical Society

Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association

Mathematical Physics


National Geographic


New Scientist

Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith

Philosophy of Science

Physics Teacher

Physics Today

Popular Science

Quarterly review of biology

Saturday review of the sciences

School Science and Mathematics


Science Activities

Science and Children

Science and Society

Science Books and Films

Science books; a quarterly review

Science digest

Science News

Science Scope

Science Teacher

Scientific American



South Carolina Geology

South Carolina Wildlife


Young Children

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