Need Help? There are several options for research assistance, including the Ask a Librarian email service and the CSU Chat instant message service
Citation Style Guides
MLA Style Guide
APA Style Guide
Chicago / Turabian Manual of Style
For more help at CSU
Why cite resources?
Properly citing materials used in research writing is important in order to avoid plagiarizing (stealing) another person's intellectual property rights. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense which can lead to a failing grade for the paper or class, academic probation, and possibly expulsion from the University. For information on the procedures used in dealing with academic dishonesty and the possible consequences at Charleston Southern University, refer to the Academic Integrity Policy in the Student Handbook.
For more information on how to avoid plagiarizism, see:
- Plagiarism This online tutorial written by CSU reference librarians provides information on avoiding plagiarism and includes an optional quiz to test your understanding
- Purdue OWL: Avoiding Plagiarism From the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), this resource offers advice on how to avoid plagiarism
MLA (Modern Language Association)
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Located at the CSU Library Reference Desk REF. LB2369 .G53 2009
- Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide From the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), this detailed website is updated to reflect the 7th ed. of the MLA Handbook and offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
- Frequently Asked Questions about the MLA Handbook From MLA.org, this includes eight frequent questions about formatting MLA citations.
APA (American Psychological Association)
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed. Washington, DC : American Psychological Association, c2010. Located at the CSU Library Reference Desk REF. BF76.7 .P83 2010
- Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide From the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), this detailed website offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
- Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style From apastyle.org, these FAQs include General APA Style Questions, References, Punctuation, Grammar and Writing Style, and Formatting.
- How do I format my paper so that the phrase Running head appears on only the first page? This FAQ from apastyle.org explains how to format the running head using Microsoft Office 2010, 2007, and 2003.
- The Basics of APA Style This tutorial from apastyle.org is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style. Headphones are available at the second floor AV Desk for use with this resource in the CSU Library.
- The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c2010. Located at the CSU Library Reference Desk REF. Z253 .C57 2010. The complete manual is also available online for CSU students, faculty, and staff at http://mendel.csuniv.edu/login?url=http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/contents.html
- Turabian, Kate L. A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students and researchers 7th ed. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2007. Located at the CSU Library Reference Desk REF. LB2369 .T8 2007
- Purdue OWL: Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition
From the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), this detailed website provides examples and the basic guidelines for citing sources using the Chicago Manual of Style.
- Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide From chicagomanualofstyle.org, this gives examples of commonly cited types of materials, showing the in-text citation/note and the bibliography/reference-list entry for both allowed styles.
- Chicago Style Q+A From chicagomanualofstyle.org, these questions and answers are arranged by common topics
For More Help at CSU
While the guides and resources on this page may be helpful, please remember that the professors in your class have the final authority, so ask them for any citation requirements they have for your class.
The librarians at the CSU Library will provide limited assistance and guidance in formatting citations in person at the Reference Desk, via the telephone at (843) 863-7946, via email, or via instant message/chat.
Additional assistance is also available to CSU students at the CSU Writing Center in Norris Hall 209. See the Writing Center's webpage for hours and to schedule an appointment.